IBM

Last Updated: 21st August, 2012
Analyst Coverage: Philip Howard, Simon Holloway, Fran Howarth, David Norfolk, Justin Speake

Introduction


International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in New York but with a global presence. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. The company was founded in 1911 and over the years has grown through acquisition into its present state.

IBM initially made its profits largely from selling hardware but, these days is more of a software solutions and services company covering storage, security, process, development, operations etc. - and IBM Global Services. It currently stresses the delivery, from smarter computing,  technology and process, of better business outcomes for the smarter planet.

It has considerable original research capabilities and is responsible for many computer science innovations from relational database theory (see for example, E. F. Codd's 1981 ACM Turing Award Lecture) to advanced semi-AI computers that can compete successfully in TV quiz shows such as Jeopardy.

IBM has a global presence, has initiated various emerging open standards and open environment initiatives (such as Eclipse, Jazz, OSLC, RELM etc; some more open than others) and owns many significant brands such as DB2 Universal Database, Websphere, System z and so on.



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