One area of technology probably accounts for much of the renewed interest and growth in automation; that is Artificial Intelligence. Like automation, AI is not exactly new. The underlying mathematics has been understood for the best part of a century. Algorithms have been used to drive automation for over half that time. Indeed Prolog, one of the first AI programmatic languages, was developed back in 1972. What has changed is the advent of the Cloud, the ongoing growth in processing power and the dramatic decrease in storage costs. This has made running AI computations economically attractive to a much wider audience of enterprises and small businesses than ever before.